Causes And treatment Of Pre Eclampsia In Pregnancy » Pre Eclampsia In Pregnancy

 

Causes And treatment Of Pre Eclampsia In Pregnancy » Pre Eclampsia In Pregnancy

2021/02/04

Causes And treatment Of Pre Eclampsia In Pregnancy » Pre Eclampsia In PregnancyConcerned about your baby? Want to avoid complications in your pregnancy? Read on to find out about one of the leading causes of concern among pregnant women and how you can avoid this complication in your pregnancy. One of the most beautiful moments of pregnancy is when you hold your baby in your arms, for the first time.

And your want to ensure you baby is safe and healthy. Knowing about the common complications that may occur during pregnancy beforehand keeps you prepared and helps you deal with the condition better. Pre-eclampsia is one of the leading pregnancy complications.

Pre Eclampsia During Pregnancy

What is Pre-Eclampsia?

Pre-eclampsia is a condition induced due to different factors, that lead to hypertension and excess protein in the urine during pregnancy. It usually develops around the 20th week of gestation and the symptoms associated tend to get more prominent after the 20th week. It is one of the most dangerous complications which affect both the mother and the baby.

Causes of Pre-Eclapmsia

Pre-eclampsia is thought to be caused due to shallow implanting of placenta, which results in hypoxia(low oxygen), which stimulates an immune response, that causes secretion of certain substances that act on the vascular endothelium.

Signs and Symptoms

Causes And treatment Of Pre Eclampsia In Pregnancy » Pre Eclampsia In Pregnancy
Swelling of the limbs (edema) is the most commonly observed sign among pre-eclampsia patients. Hypertension is another predominant sign of pre-eclampsia. In many cases, pre-eclampsia is found to be asymptomatic, making it crucially important for it to be diagnosed at the early stages. Heartburn, abdominal tenderness and convulsions are also seen.

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Complications that May Arise

If left untreated, pre-eclampsia may cause several complications in your pregnancy, causing possible harm to you and your baby. Complications that may arise include-

Placental Abruption

Causes And treatment Of Pre Eclampsia In Pregnancy » Pre Eclampsia In Pregnancy

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Placental abruption refers to the separation of the placenta from the uterus before delivery. If this happens, there is a risk of heavy bleeding which may pose problems for your baby.

Lack of Oxygen

Due to low blood supply through the placenta, there may be oxygen deficiency, which may lead to pre mature delivery or breathing difficulties for your unborn baby.

HELLP Syndrome

HELLP stands for hemolysis which is actually the destruction of RBCs, elevated liver enzyme and low platelet count. Nausea and vomiting, headaches, abdominal pains are certain symptoms that present themselves during HELLP syndrome. Sometimes, there is also a risk of future cardiovascular diseases after the baby is born.

Treatment Options

Since this condition is potentially fatal(2%), it becomes important to treat it at the early stage itself. Sadly, the only treatment options available are either opting for a caesarean delivery, or inducing labor artificially. If during your previous pregnancy, you had been facing this problem, it’s important that you make frequent visits to the doctor.

Medications

Your doctor may recommend the use of medications that lower blood pressure. These are called antihypertensive and protect your baby and yourself from a large number of possible complications. Corticosteroids may be suggested to improve liver function, which is required in case of HELLP syndrome, and anticonvulsive medications, to prevent seizure.

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